Defining Information Security, SANS states that “Information Security refers to the processes and methodologies which are designed and implemented to protect print, electronic, or any other form of confidential, private and sensitive information or data from unauthorized access, use, misuse, disclosure, destruction, modification, or disruption.”
WHY DISCUSS INFORMATION SECURITY
If E-Government systems or applications deal with data or information, then securing these is considered the most important attribute that makes E-Government programs trustworthy, and hence, acceptable by people. Even before computers, information about various aspects of people, governments, or businesses needed to be kept confidential. People need that their personal, financial, health, private life, and much information about their life are kept strictly confidential. Governments, as well, require that their security related information is not accessible by unauthorized personnel or other governments. Businesses would not allow their client databases, trade secrets, research and development programs, inventions and patents leak to competitors. The proliferation of the Internet attracted all sorts of hackers and risks to threaten our systems and information databases. If governments cannot secure their E-Government services, then they jeopardize their credibility and risk losing all their information technology assets. Hence, information security is a mandatory topic for any E-Government initiative and event.